Prostate cancer; what is this?
The prostate is an organ located just below the Urethra and is one of the essential parts of the male reproductive system. This disease is found chiefly in middle age to older male individuals. Henceforth, cancer caused in this area is known as Prostate cancer. This case is unique as doctors have not found a point to identify prostate cancer.
However, there are signs of prostate cancer symptoms even while being undetected, which can be recognized as a pre-effect of prostate cancer. History and present times have consistently proven that the world we live in includes various diseases, sickness, and death caused by natural and unnatural reasons, both avoidable and unavoidable to a certain extent.
Prostate cancer is the second leading illness among males in India, especially in cities like Delhi, Bangalore, Kolkata, Mumbai and is among the top ten leading sites of cancers in the rest of the PBCR’s in India (Population-Based Cancer Registries).
The population-based cancer registries at Bangalore (annual percentage change- 3.4 percent), Delhi( 3.3 percent), Chennai ( 4.2 percent), Kamrup urban district (11.6 percent), and Mumbai (0.9 percent) recorded a significant increase in statistics.
Cancer is a disease caused when cells of a body divide without control which spreads and evades to the different parts of the body tissues creating lumps or tumors. Henceforth ‘Uncontrollable’ and ‘Unexpected’ come into play due to the sheer number of cases. What are the causes of such disease?
Various factors due to two main factors: mutation or change to DNA or genetic changes, in simple Our DNA is a bag that contains massive numbers of individual genes. Each of them includes functions and instructions on what they are to do and perform. Any mistake or error in their code function typically will deem itself to be cancerous.
Symptoms of prostate cancer:
Urinary problem: Once the tumor has grown to a significant amount, it puts pressure on the Urethra, pressing down on the pipe/tube from where urine flows. Naturally, when the need for relieving oneself occurs, any disruption or affected urine flow, including slower, inconsistent, and weaker stream, is a sign of cancerous growth inside. Some of the effects include burning and pain during urination and also finding blood in the urine.
Erectile Dysfunction: Since the prostate is a part of the male reproductive system, it affects impotence and erectile dysfunction. Simply the inability to maintain or obtain an erection during or for sexual intercourse. This early onset can be one of the prostate cancer symptoms.
Irritation and pain in the crotch/ Pelvic Area: This disease location being lower to and under the pelvic area below the bladder makes it discomfort when an enlarged prostate affects its very movement and pressure, especially when sitting. The groin contains several lymph nodes that assist in fighting infections. Thus, cancer spread to these will lead its functioning capabilities to fail, leading to pain and swelling around the area.
Weight loss: Cancer affects the function of cells and affects the way the body absorbs food, which leads to changes in how fast calories burn in our system; this leads to unexpected and unexplainable weight loss, which indicates an evaluation and test need be.
Fatigue: One of the most common symptoms of cancer, when being tired is not quickly subdued with a goodnight’s sleep. Fatigue can also include stress, discomfort in breathing, loss of focus, loss of strength, and even bone pain from physical exertion. Such loss of energy that cannot be corrected with proper sleep or rest needs to be evaluated as an early onset sign.
Risk: looking at the statistical value of age groups affected by this cancer shows that once you hit middle age, the risk of obtaining it is higher, making it known when the window of time is it might occur.
In conclusion, cancer and its various types affect a vast percentage of the population and are known diseases. Where onset symptoms and issues, if recognized early on to evaluate with your doctor, make it the only ethical and intelligent move. Therefore if you have been experiencing any of these symptoms, getting a medical checkup can save a lifetime of pain.